Configuring SAP SuccessFactors Calibration Part I -Provisioning

What is Calibration?

Calibration is a process used to appraise employee performance in a fair and consistent manner. Managers meet in calibration sessions to discuss employee performance and achieve agreement on performance ratings. At the onset of a calibration session, the definition of each performance rating can be agreed upon to enable a common language to use when discussing and evaluating performance. The intent is to help eliminate any potential manager bias when discussing employee performance and finalizing ratings.

SAP SuccessFactors Calibration provides a framework to objectively evaluate employee performance.  This tool provides HR and senior managers the means to impartially review and adjust performance ratings across teams, departments and the organization. A calibration session provides a visual presentation of employee data from multiple sources in multiple views. Evaluating ratings in several formats with different filters may help to find areas of bias.

Calibration may be a standalone process or part of a performance review process, a talent review process, or a compensation review process.

Information used within Calibration may be sourced from Performance Management, People Profile, Compensation, or Succession data. Within Performance Management, overall performance, potential, competency, and goal ratings may be calibrated. The Succession related metrics that may be calibrated are Risk of Loss, Impact of Loss and Reason for Leaving. Compensation ratios may be evaluated using the salary, bonus, stock and variable pay components of a compensation template. Overall potential, performance, competency, objective and two custom ratings may be calibrated from the talent profile section of People Profile. Upon completion of a calibration session, ratings are updated in the original source.

We will focus on calibration based on ratings from a performance form template.

Basic Configuration of Calibration

There are several steps to perform before we are ready to run a calibration session:

  • Enable Calibration in Provisioning
  • Configure Succession Data Model
  • Set role-based permission for Calibration access
  • Configure data source template
  • Enable calibration related e-mail notifications
  • Configure Calibration Template
  • Configure Calibration Settings
  • Assign users to Executive Review role
  • Configure Calibration History Portlet in People Profile

In this blog we will cover the steps to configure Calibration in Provisioning. The steps to configure Calibration in your instance will be covered in the next blog, “Configuring SAP SuccessFactors Calibration Part II – Instance Set Up”.

Enable Calibration in Provisioning

First we must enable Calibration in Provisioning. Within Company Settings, search for “Calibration” to find the section called Enable Calibration.  Once found, click the checkbox as seen below.

Enable Calibration

Additional settings under Enable Calibration may be enabled here. If you plan on using Executive Review, which summarizes calibration activity across sessions, enable this feature here. We will need this feature enabled when creating the calibration template.

If you are going to permit managers to create their own calibration session, click the checkbox for “Enable Manager Calibration Session”. We will need this feature when configuring the calibration settings.

The other features may be set in the instance directly via Manage Calibration Settings and will then reflect as enabled in Provisioning. We will be discussing these features in the next blog, so we can leave the rest unchecked here.

There is also a radio button within Enable Calibration used to identify the permission model used.  The default permission model is legacy permissions but you should be using Role-Based Permissions (RBP).  Make sure “Use role based permission model”is selected.

Use Role-based permission model

Save the settings in this section of Company Settings before moving on to the next set of features to enable.

Calibration Reporting Permission

There are no standard reports or dashboards for calibration. Any calibration reporting will need to be done using ad hoc reports. If you wish to make calibration data available for reporting, go to the Analytics and Dashboard Tabs & Misc Reporting section of Company Settings.

“Additional Adhoc Sub domain Schemas Configuration” and “Enable INCLUDE STARTING FROM USER in people pill” will need to have the following enabled:

  • Calibration
  • Calibration Org Chart Coverage
  • Calibration Activity

After saving the settings, back out of Company Settings and we will continue with additional configuration set up.

Configuring Calibration in the Succession Data Model

There are elements in the Succession Data Model that can be used for calibration. We will need to update the data model to ensure these elements are configured. Export the data model in order to make updates.

Open the file using an XML editor.  Here we will be updating the following:

  1. Rating elements
  2. Display options
  3. Filter options
  4. Calibration History Portlet

We will look at each of these.

Rating Elements

The ratings that can be calibrated are based on the available ratings configured in your system. While setting up Calibration in your instance, you identify the data source of the ratings. Earlier we had mentioned that ratings may come from performance form templates. You may calibrate ratings from an existing performance form template or you may decide to create a new performance form template in order to utilize additional rating types such as overall competency, overall goal and overall potential. 

In either case, the data model must contain the rating elements that you wish to calibrate.   Most likely these already are already in the data model but you will need to verify this. The rating elements are:

  • sysOverallObjective
  • sysOverallCompetency
  • sysOverallPerformance
  • sysOverallPotential
  • sysOverallCustom01
  • sysOverallCustom02

A code segment seen below displays an example of the overall performance rating background element.    

sysOverallPerformance Background Element

Make sure all of the rating types that you wish to calibrate are included in your data model.

Additional Elements to Calibrate

There are three standard elements that may display in some of the views in a calibration session. If you are using SAP SuccessFactors Succession, these most likely are in used for Talent Flags and Matrix Grid reports.

  1. riskOfLoss
  2. impactOfLoss
  3. reasonForLeaving

A code sample of the flags is shown below:

Talent Flags in Data Model

Display Options

Calibration sessions can display data in many views. In Part II of this series, you will learn how to create these views. There is a display option feature that is particularly useful for the List view tab.  Here the data is displayed in a table with a row for each employee being calibrated. If there are several columns for this table, there could be a lot of back and forth scrolling. With the display option feature, some columns may be hidden. There is an icon for display options that enables users to add or remove certain columns from the view. Some are hardcoded and will always show up as display options in a calibration session:

  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Count
  • Quickcard (if enabled in the calibration template)

The Quick Card display option may be enabled when configuring the Calibration template which we will discuss in Part II.

When clicking on the display options icon within the calibration session, any of these fields may be deselected and those columns will no longer display on the view.

There are some icons that may be added as a display option fields. Any display option fields defined for Succession in the Matrix Grid Classifier tool in Provisioning or the flags be set in Matrix Grid Report Icon Reconfiguration may also be used as display options in a calibration session. In the list view, any of these icons selected would appear in a new column called “Attributes”. Bin and matrix views the icons appear underneath an employee’s name. Having these icons readily visible for each employee may be useful when comparing employees.

Filter Options

Filter Options are used in a calibration session to narrow the list of the employees that display.  If there are a large number of subjects, this is a way to view a smaller group that meet the filter criteria.   It may be more manageable to view subsets of employees during the session.

Within a calibration session, the standard fields that are available as filter options are:

  • Manager
  • Division
  • Department
  • Location
  • Jobcode

These will always appear as filter fields for a calibration session. If Risk of Loss, Impact of Loss and Reason for Leaving are also in your data model, these fields will also be filter fields. The 15 custom fields that may be defined in the data model may also be added as filter options. To set this up, the custom fields must be part of the default filter in the data model as shown below in the code segment sample.

Adding the custom fields as default filters

These custom fields may also be used in as filters in calibration. Module specific filters are defined within <custom-filters>. Identify the calibration module filters by adding this tag:

<filter-module-id=”calibration”>

Include the custom elements that you wish to use as calibration filters. This should be placed after the default filter as shown below:

Calibration Filters

There is one additional calibration specific element that may be added to the data model. We will look at this next.

Calibration History Portlet

Calibration data may appear in People Profile when the Calibration History Portlet is configured.  This portlet provides a snapshot of calibration session data along with ratings.  The background element for the portlet must be added to the data model. A code segment sample is shown below.

<background-element id="calibrationHistoryPortlet" type-id="138">
   <label>Calibration History Portlet</label>
</background-element>

If you also wish to use the portlet in the Employee Scorecard, the portlet must be added under the view-template “employeeScorecard”.  A code segment sample is shown below.

Adding Calibration History Portlet to Scorecard

After making the data model updates, save and import the data model.

Congratulations! Calibration is now enabled and you are ready to set up Calibration in your instance. Coming soon will be my blog, Configuring SAP SuccessFactors Calibration Part II – Instance Set Up to learn how.

For more information about Calibration and other talent management modules in SAP SuccessFactors, check out our book here!

Do you need help setting up your Calibration implementation? Contact us at: info@worklogix.com

Implementing the SuccessFactors Career Worksheet

This guide is to help system administrators with Provisioning access to understand and configure the Career Worksheet template.

Career Worksheet

Enabling the Career Worksheet In Provisioning

To get started, let’s handle the settings needed in Provisioning. You should already have enabled Goal Management Suite (Total Goal Management) and Development Plan V12. In order for the Career Worksheet to be used in the Career Development module, My Goals Tab and Career Worksheet V12 must be enabled in Company Settings.

Company Settings to enable to use Career Worksheet and Career Paths

To use these features, Version 12 UI framework (Revolution), Enable Generic Manager and Enable the Attachment Manager should be enabled as well.

Configuring the Career Worksheet

The Career Worksheet is based on a template found in Provisioning. The Career Worksheet template is found under the Managing Plan Template section and may be seen by clicking on the Import/Update/Export Career Worksheet Templates link.

Templates within Managing Plan Template

If the Career Worksheet Template is not found, you may download the Career Worksheet XML from a sales demo and then import into your company.

Company without Career Worksheet XML

Once you see the Career Worksheet template, export it to tailor the features to your organization’s needs. The Career Worksheet XML may be updated to change field labels, define the rating scale, choose which features to switch on and set permissions.

Career Worksheet Template

Career Worksheet Template Elements

Let’s explore the Career Worksheet XML to get an understanding of the elements and their purpose.

Career Worksheet XML

Look for the first field-definition tag. It will follow tags for text replacement, behaviors, and self-assessment.

Field Definition Ids follow self-assessment tag

The standard field-definition ids are:

  • Competency name
  • Last rated form
  • Last rated date
  • Last rating
  • Development goals
  • Readiness Meter

The field definitions within the Career Worksheet XML are highlighted below:

Field definitions within the Career Worksheet

No custom fields are allowed in the Career Worksheet XML.

All of the field elements are required with the exception of the readiness meter. It is recommended to use the readiness meter, without it, the target roles will not display the percentage of how ready an employee is for a role.

Field definitions and the Career Worksheet

The fields defined in the Career Worksheet XML are related to the competencies for a role.

The first field definition id: competency_name. The name of the competency required for the targeted role.

View of competency_name field definition id

Each competency that is required for the targeted role is displayed on the Career Worksheet.

Required competencies for the targeted role

Field definition id: last_rated_form. The name of the form where the competency rating was pulled from.

The name of the form where the rating comes from is displayed beneath the competency gap graph.

Name of form where competency rating comes from

Field definition id: last_rated_date.  The date on which the competency was last rated.

Used in conjunction with last_rating_form, it displays the date that the form was completed.

Date of form completion where competency rating comes from

Field definition id: gap_graph.  Image that shows the gap between the expected rating for a competency compared to the employee’s actual competency rating.

Gap graph for each competency on Career Worksheet

Field definition id: last_rating. The user’s latest competency rating.

The system uses the latest rating information in the system as the default. You can also specify a specific form or a couple of forms as the source of the existing ratings. We are concentrating of the use of the role readiness form as the source.

Be sure to reference the same rating scale that is used in the Role Readiness template. Otherwise the Career Worksheet will not have the readiness meter populate after an evaluation is completed.

Rating scale should match scale used in Role Readiness template

The rating is pulled from the form that is identified in the Role Readiness Assessment Template as the source.

Rating scale referenced in Role Readiness Template XML

The competency rating is represented in the gap graph for each competency.

Gap graph shows actual rating and expected rating rating for each competency

When hovering over the graph, the actual employee numeric competency rating will display along with the expected competency rating. The graph is based on the competency rating scale used in the form.

Hover to see the last rating and the expected rating for each competency

Field definition id: development_goals. This field is used to show the number of existing development goals for each competency along with a button to create a new development goal.  Use of this field requires that a development plan template with competencies is loaded.  The worksheet will use the default development plan.

Existing development goals count display with ability to add new development goal

In order to use this, there must be an active development plan template with a competency field defined.

Competency used on development plan

On the Career Worksheet, you may expand a competency to see any development goals the employee has already associated with the competency. If configured in the development plan, the employee may edit or delete the competency.

Development goal associated with a competency

Field definition id: readiness_meter.   The percentage rate of readiness for the target roles based on calculation of actual competency rating and expected competency rating.

Until a role readiness assessment form is completed,  the target roles’ meters will show that the role is not ready.

View of readiness meters for targeted roles prior to initial role assessment completed

Once the initial role assessment is completed, all of the targeted roles will have the readiness meter show the percentage of how ready the employee is for the role based on the competencies needed for the role.

Role Readiness Meters for targeted roles
Career Worksheet Permissions

The ability to view the content of the Career Worksheet and the actions that a role may perform are set in the Career Worksheet template.

Now that the Career Worksheet fields have been reviewed, let’s move on the permissions for these fields.

Career Worksheet Field Permissions

The visibility of the fields on the Career Worksheet are influenced by the Read permissions in the template.

Write permissions for any fields on the template are ignored because the template does not support write permissions for the fields.

The competency_name permission allows the user to see the name of the role’s competencies. If read access is not granted to competency_name but is granted for the last_rated_date and last_rated_form fields, the competency name will show on worksheet as “undefined”.

Example of no read permission for competency_name field:

View of worksheet without read permission for competency_name field.

Names of competencies will be undefined without competency_name field read permission

Competencies required for a role are shown as undefined rather than by the name of the competencies.

The development_goals permission allows user to see the development goals associated with each competency.  The read and write permissions for development goals come from the development plan template.

The last_rating read permission is needed to view the gap graph for each competency.

The last_rated_date permission displays date of the most recent rating for each competency.

The last_rated_form permission displays form name for the most recent rating for each competency.

A role must have permission for both last_rated_date and last_rated_form in order to see the source and date of the rating.

Example of read permission without last_rate_date

Without read permission for both fields, date and form name do not display.

The readiness_meter read permission allows the “Readiness” percentage to display for each of the targeted job roles.

Readiness percentage displays because of readiness_meter read permission

Example of read permission for all fields for employee, manager hierarchy and HR roles.

All roles should be able to read the readiness meter.  Without the read permission for role set to “*”, the readiness meter will not populate after the role assessment is completed.

Read permission for Readiness Meter
Switches

There is a section within the XML to add switches that will control some of the features. The switches tag should be inserted prior to the text-replacement tag.

Switch for Proportional Calculation
Switch for Job Profile Builder Profile

When Job Profile Builder is used and job profiles are defined, turn on the sync switch in Career Worksheet template xml. 

This is done by setting the disable-jpb-profile-in-csw switch to “off”.

Switch to sync future role details with job profile from JPB

When the sync is on (value on switch is set to “off”), the future role details in the career worksheet come from Job Profile Builder Job Profile shows for future role when you hover mouse on i icon, as below:

Job role details
Switch for Position Count per Role

For each targeted role, it is possible to see the number of openings using the “hide-position-count” switch set to “off”.

Count of number of openings for target role

The default value is “off”, however, this position count only works for Legacy Position Nomination Method for Succession so the switch should be set to “on” to hide the count.

Switch to hide position count
Switch for Development Goals

When competencies are included in the worksheet, a switch may be set to allow the competency descriptions to display.

Information icon for competency
Competency description
Switch for Competency Rating Calculation

To use the role readiness meter, you need to define how role readiness is calculated. There are two calculation types: averaging competency readiness or summing up the number of ready competencies.

Either calculation type requires the employee’s current competency ratings which can come from the latest rating from the performance review, average rating from 360 form or role readiness form. The default rating is the latest rating in the system

The default rating calculation switch is “off” which calculates role readiness using a score of either 1, for those competencies where a user met the expected rating, or 0, for those competencies where a user did not meet the expected rating.

For a proportional calculation for role readiness, add the switch for new_role_readiness_calculation with value “on”. 

When the switch is set to “on”, each competency rating is weighted as a percentage of the expected rating. The average of each of the competencies rating those percentages determines role readiness.

The system calculates readiness for each required competency for a role, and then calculates an average of the competency readiness.

Switch for proportional calculation

If no switch is included, the default calculation is summing up the number of ready competencies.

Switch to launch form for current role

The Career Worksheet XML can be configured to allow employees to launch the Role Readiness Assessment form for their current role. This is accomplished with the following switch added to the Career Worksheet XML.

<switch for=”show-self-assessment-in-current-role-tab”  value=”on” />

Switch for allow form to launch for current role

Will also need to identify the form to use when creating a current-self-assessment tag.

Tag to identify form to open

Once the Career Worksheet XML is imported in Provisioning with these updates, the Current Roles tab will contain a link to evaluate readiness.

Current roles tab with evaluate readiness

Click the link to open the form for the current role.

Current role Role Readiness Assessment form
Identify source of ratings

The default rating is the latest rating in the system. It is possible to identify a specific form or forms as the existing ratings source. First find the form ids in Provisioning>Form Template Administration.

Form ids for rating sources

Next add <assessment-filters> tag to the Career Worksheet XML to identify the form to be used as the rating source.

Tag to identify form as the source of ratings
Action Permissions in the Template

The action permissions for create, delete and private access need to be defined.

The ability to view the content of the Career Worksheet and the actions that a role may perform are set in the Career Worksheet template.

Create permission allows users to add Job Roles to the Job Roles I’m Considering section of the Career Worksheet.   This permission is also necessary for the Suggested Roles tab to be visible.

At the minimum, the employee role should be able to add targeted roles to the Career Worksheet. Based on your organization, you may decide that the manager or HR may add roles to the worksheet.

Delete permission allows a user to remove a targeted role from the job roles that they are considering.

At the very least, the employee role should be able to delete targeted roles from their Career Worksheet.

“X” allows employee to remove a target role from Career Worksheet

Private-access permission allows users to see the content in the “Job Roles I’m Considering” section of the Career Worksheet.

In addition, the Career Worksheet template will need to have the Share permission enabled. At the least, the employee role should be permissioned to allow sharing of a role in their plan.

Share permission for employee role
Additional Settings

For each targeted role and current role, there is an count of the number of employees for each targeted role and current role.

Count of employees in a role
To see employee count

When this feature is on, and the Employee Directory to be enabled in Provisioning, there will be a link to see the list of employees in this role.

Indicator that shows number and listing of employees in a role

If the directory is not enabled, you will see the number of employees but there will be no link to the list.

If you don’t wish to see the employee count for the number of employees in a targeted role, the Career Worksheet XML will need to be updated to change cws-people-role from “true” to “false”.

Additional Configuration in Career Worksheet XML for Role Readiness Form

A link to the role readiness form within the Career Worksheet enables an employee to launch the form and rate the needed competencies for a future role.  To enable linking to the correct form, the role readiness form id must be identified within the Career Worksheet XML. 

The Role Readiness Assessment form id may be found in Provisioning within the Form Template Administration section.

Form Template Administration section in Provisioning

Go into Form Template Administration to see all of the form templates. Find the form id associated with the form that will be used to identify readiness for a role.

Using the form id associated with the Role Readiness Assessment template, add the self-assessment tag which includes the role assessment form id to the Career Worksheet XML.

The tag which includes the form id is inserted before the first field definition tag. 

Self-assessment tag follows text replacement and behavior tags

If the form is used for multiple languages, include an entry for each locale with the Role Readiness Assessment form ID. You may have multiple entries using the same form id ut only but only one self-assessment form may be specified.  

Multiple locales for Role Readiness Assessment form in Career Worksheet XML

Without the  self-assessment tag in the Career Worksheet XML, the “Evaluate your Readiness” link will not appear in Career Worksheet.

Career Worksheet access also allows a user to the “User Search” permission and to make the details of the Career Worksheet publicly available. The content will be restricted based on the Career Worksheet template permissions, so do not give all roles (*) read access to all Career Worksheet fields as shown below.

To prevent users from seeing the details of any other user’s Career Worksheet, the permissions should be restricted in the Career Worksheet template. Limit the read permission for these fields to just the employee, manager and HR roles.

Read permission limited to employee, manager hierarchy and HR roles

Once the updates have been made to the Career Worksheet XML, import the template in order for the updates to be reflected in the Career Worksheet.

Succession Data Model Updates

There is an indicator on the Career Worksheet which enables the employee to display any future role on their profile as a potential career move. On the Job Roles I’m Considering sub-tab, there would be a checkbox to make the future role public in their profile.   This may be selected for each of the roles under consideration. 

View of Career Worksheet with “Make public in Live Profile” option

When the indicator is set for any of the target roles, the role will be visible on the employee’s profile is the background element is set up in the Succession Data Model, configured in People Profile and role based permissions granted.

Target role displaying on profile

Any or all of the future roles can be set to display on their profile.

Indicator for each target role to appear on the profile

Select each targeted role and set the indicator in order for the role to appear on the profile.

In order to enable this feature, the Succession Data Model must be exported from Provisioning in order to have the “preferredNextMove” background element added. The future job role on the Career Worksheet is used in the title field on the background element and is what will display in the profile.

Preferred Next Move background element

The background element’s Title field is required.  Any additional fields that you wish to  include on the background element should not be required.   These additional fields are not displayed on the Career Worksheet.  When the targeted role is selected on the Career Worksheet, it will then appear on the employee’s profile in the Preferred Next Move block.   But any additional fields would be blank until the employee enters information.  However these fields would not be seen on the Career Worksheet. It is probably best then to use only the Title field on the background element for Career Worksheet purposes and use another background element for Career Goals fields.

You may also relabel the background element; Future Roles, Career Goals, or any other name that is meaningful to your organization.

Here is an example of the background element that contains additional fields that are not required.

Preferred Next Move Background Element with Optional Fields

Any additional fields would appear on the block in the profile where they could be updated but would not reflect in the Career Worksheet.

Additional fields in Preferred Next Move block on Profile

Once the data element is added and the data model re-imported, the profile within the instance needs to include this element. Go to Configure People Profile to include this block.

Add block to Profile

Add background element permission to any role that may edit or view this block on the profile.

Employee role permission to edit Future Career Interests
Role Based Permissions for Employee

In addition to the field permission granted to users within the template, the user will also need access to the Career Worksheet and access to the content of the Career Worksheet in the Development module.

  • Career Development Plan Access Permission allows access to Development.
  • Career Worksheet Access Permission allows access to the Career Worksheet.
  • Career Worksheet Suggested Roles Access Permission allows access to the Career Worksheet Suggested Roles tab.

Grant the required role-based permission so that the permitted roles can access Career Worksheet under Development.

The employee role will need access to Career Development. Under the Career Development Planning User Permission, enable Career Development Plan Access Permission, Career Worksheet Access Permission, and Career Worksheet Suggested Roles Access Permission.

The employee role will need access to Career Development. Under the Career Development Planning User Permission section, enable Career Development Plan Access Permission, Career Worksheet Access Permission, and Career Worksheet Suggested Roles Access Permission.

In addition to the Career Development Plan permissions, the employee will need access to the Career Worksheet. When the employee opens the Career Worksheet tab, they are not authorized to view the career worksheet plan without it. Under Goals, select the Goal Plan Permissions for the Career Worksheet.

Permission for Employee role to access the Career Worksheet

The target population of the “Goal Plan Permissions” is ignored when viewing the Career Worksheet.

Target population for a role

Career Worksheet access also allows a user to the “User Search” permission but the content will be restricted based on the Career Worksheet template permissions. To prevent users from seeing the details of any other user’s Career Worksheet, the permissions should be restricted in the Career Worksheet template.

Performance Management Access permission is needed as well. Without it, “Evaluate your readiness” link will not appear on Career Worksheet when targeted roles exist.

Now that the Career Worksheet is configured and permissioned, you are ready to create a Role Readiness Assessment form to be used within the worksheet. Check out the guide to set up the Role Readiness Assessment for more details.

For more information about the Career Worksheet and other talent management modules in SAP SuccessFactors, check out our book here!

Do you need help with your career worksheet or SuccessFactors Development implementation? Contact us at: info@worklogix.com